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Kingswood Secondary Academy

Ofsted Good

Relationship and Sex Education (and Health)


We follow national guidance in this area and you can read our trust-wide policy here/_site/data/files/policies/E01152FDACA23B0669213FB4C6E8DE29.pdf


Please see below for the academy's own SRE protocol.


Relationships, Sex and Health education (RSHE) is taught as part of PSHE. The aim of RSHE is to teach our pupils to understand human sexuality and to respect themselves and others.

Other aims of RSHE is to cover the following areas of Healthy living  - this is the Physical, Mental and Social well being – Mental wellbeing, Internet safety and harms, Physical health and fitness, Healthy eating, Drugs/Alcohol and tobacco, Health and prevention, Basic first aid and changing adolescent body. PSHE also incorporates aspects of citizenship, equality and diversity and British values.

Mental wellbeing

Pupils should know:

  • how to talk about their emotions accurately and sensitively, using appropriate vocabulary
  • that happiness is linked to being connected to others
  • how to recognise the early signs of mental wellbeing concerns
  • common types of mental ill health (e.g. anxiety and depression)
  • how to critically evaluate when something they do or are involved in has a positive or negative effect on their own or others’ mental health
  • the benefits and importance of physical exercise, time outdoors, community participation and voluntary and service-based activities on mental wellbeing and happiness


Internet safety and harms

Pupils should know:

  • the similarities and differences between the online world and the physical world, including: the impact of unhealthy or obsessive comparison with others online (including through setting unrealistic expectations for body image), how people may curate a specific image of their life online, over-reliance on online relationships including social media, the risks related to online gambling including the accumulation of debt, how advertising and information is targeted at them and how to be a discerning consumer of information online
  • how to identify harmful behaviours online (including bullying, abuse or harassment) and how to report, or find support, if they have been affected by those behaviours


Physical health and fitness

Pupils should know:

  • the positive associations between physical activity and promotion of mental wellbeing, including as an approach to combat stress
  • the characteristics and evidence of what constitutes a healthy lifestyle, maintaining a healthy weight, including the links between an inactive lifestyle and ill health, including cancer and cardio-vascular ill-health
  • about the science relating to blood, organ and stem cell donation


Healthy eating

Pupils should know:

  • how to maintain healthy eating and the links between a poor diet and health risks, including tooth decay and cancer


Drugs, alcohol and tobacco

Pupils should know:

  • the facts about legal and illegal drugs and their associated risks, including the link between drug use, and the associated risks, including the link to serious mental health conditions
  • the law relating to the supply and possession of illegal substances
  • the physical and psychological risks associated with alcohol consumption and what constitutes low risk alcohol consumption in adulthood
  • the physical and psychological consequences of addiction, including alcohol dependency
  • awareness of the dangers of drugs which are prescribed but still present serious health risks
  • the facts about the harms from smoking tobacco (particularly the link to lung cancer), the benefits of quitting and how to access support to do so


Health and prevention

Pupils should know:

  • about personal hygiene, germs including bacteria, viruses, how they are spread, treatment and prevention of infection, and about antibiotics
  • about dental health and the benefits of good oral hygiene and dental flossing, including healthy eating and regular check-ups at the dentist
  • (late secondary) the benefits of regular self-examination and screening
  • the facts and science relating to immunisation and vaccination
  • the importance of sufficient good quality sleep for good health and how a lack of sleep can affect weight, mood and ability to learn


Basic first aid

Pupils should know:

  • basic treatment for common injuries
  • life-saving skills, including how to administer CPR 2
  • the purpose of defibrillators and when one might be needed


Changing adolescent body

Pupils should know:

  • key facts about puberty, the changing adolescent body and menstrual wellbeing
  • the main changes which take place in males and females, and the implications for emotional and physical health

Relationships learning outcomes – at Kingswood Secondary Academy, this is taught as part of the PSHE programme.

By the end of secondary school

Schools should continue to develop knowledge on topics specified for primary as required and in addition cover the following content by the end of secondary.


Pupils should know:

  • that there are different types of committed, stable relationships.
  • how these relationships might contribute to human happiness and their importance for bringing up children.
  • what marriage is, including their legal status – for example, that marriage carries legal rights and protections not available to couples who are cohabiting or who have married, for example, in an unregistered religious ceremony.
  • why marriage is an important relationship choice for many couples and why it must be freely entered into.
  • the characteristics and legal status of other types of long-term relationships.
  • the roles and responsibilities of parents with respect to raising of children, including the characteristics of successful parenting.
  • how to determine whether other children, adults or sources of information are trustworthy, judge when a family, friend, intimate or other relationship is unsafe (and to recognise this in others’ relationships), how to seek help or advice, including reporting concerns about others, if needed

Respectful relationships, including friendships

Pupils should know:

  • the characteristics of positive and healthy friendships, in all contexts including online, such as:
    • trust, respect, honesty, kindness, generosity, boundaries, privacy, consent and the management of conflict
    • reconciliation and ending relationships, this includes different (non-sexual) types of relationship
  • practical steps they can take in a range of different contexts to improve or support respectful relationships
  • how stereotypes, in particular stereotypes based on sex, gender, race, religion, sexual orientation or disability, can cause damage (for example, how they might normalise non-consensual behaviour or encourage prejudice)
  • that in school and in wider society they can expect to be treated with respect by others, and that in turn they should show due respect to others, including people in positions of authority and due tolerance of other people’s beliefs
  • about different types of bullying (including cyberbullying), the impact of bullying, responsibilities of bystanders to report bullying and how and where to get help
  • that some types of behaviour within relationships are criminal, including violent behaviour and coercive control
  • what constitutes sexual harassment and sexual violence and why these are always unacceptable
  • the legal rights and responsibilities regarding equality (particularly with reference to the protected characteristics as defined in the Equality Act 2010) and that everyone is unique and equal

Online and media

Pupils should know:

  • their rights, responsibilities and opportunities online, including that the same expectations of behaviour apply in all contexts, including online
  • about online risks, including that any material someone provides to another has the potential to be shared online and the difficulty of removing potentially compromising material placed online
  • not to provide material to others that they would not want shared further and not to share personal material which is sent to them
  • what to do and where to get support to report material or manage issues online
  • the impact of viewing harmful content
  • that specifically sexually explicit material, for example pornography, presents a distorted picture of sexual behaviours, can damage the way people see themselves in relation to others and negatively affect how they behave towards sexual partners
  • that sharing and viewing indecent images of children (including those created by children) is a criminal offence which carries severe penalties including jail
  • how information and data is generated, collected, shared and used online

Being safe

Pupils should know:

  • the concepts of, and laws relating to, sexual consent, sexual exploitation, abuse, grooming, coercion, harassment, rape, domestic abuse, forced marriage, honour-based violence and FGM, and how these can affect current and future relationships
  • how people can actively communicate and recognise consent from others, including sexual consent, and how and when consent can be withdrawn, in all contexts, including online

Intimate and sexual relationships, including sexual health

Pupils should know:

  • how to recognise the characteristics and positive aspects of healthy one-to-one intimate relationships, which include mutual respect, consent, loyalty, trust, shared interests and outlook, sex and friendship
  • that all aspects of health can be affected by choices they make in sex and relationships, positively or negatively, for example physical, emotional, mental, sexual and reproductive health and wellbeing
  • the facts about reproductive health, including fertility and the potential impact of lifestyle on fertility for men and women and menopause
  • that there are a range of strategies for identifying and managing sexual pressure, including understanding peer pressure, resisting pressure and not pressurising others
  • that they have a choice to delay sex or to enjoy intimacy without sex
  • the facts about the full range of contraceptive choices, efficacy and options available
  • the facts around pregnancy including miscarriage
  • that there are choices in relation to pregnancy (with medically and legally accurate, impartial information on all options, including keeping the baby, adoption, abortion and where to get further help)
  • how the different sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV and AIDs, are transmitted, how risk can be reduced through safer sex (including through condom use) and the importance of and facts about testing
  • about the prevalence of some STIs, the impact they can have on those who contract them and key facts about treatment
  • how the use of alcohol and drugs can lead to risky sexual behaviour
  • how to get further advice, including how and where to access confidential sexual and reproductive health advice and treatment

The Law

It is important to know what the law says about sex, relationships and young people, as well as broader safeguarding issues. This includes a range of important facts and the rules regarding sharing personal information, pictures, videos and other material using technology. This will help young people to know what is right and wrong in law, but it can also provide a good foundation of knowledge for deeper discussion about all types of relationships. There are also many different legal provisions whose purpose is to protect young people and which ensure young people take responsibility for their actions.

Pupils should be made aware of the relevant legal provisions when relevant topics are being taught, including for example:

  • marriage
  • consent, including the age of consent
  • violence against women and girls
  • online behaviours including image and information sharing (including ‘sexting’, youth-produced sexual imagery, nudes, etc.)
  • pornography
  • abortion
  • sexuality
  • gender identity
  • substance misuse
  • violence and exploitation by gangs
  • extremism and radicalisation
  • criminal exploitation (for example, through gang involvement or ‘county lines’ drugs operations)
  • hate crime
  • female genital mutilation (FGM)
  • Ofsted
  • NOS
  • NOS 2
  • Career Mark
  • DofE
  • London Institute